No longer relegated to the silver haired brigade, memory loss is now occurring in younger people and it’s a tell-tale sign of stress and fatigue.

There are two kinds of memory – short term and long term memory.

You convert short term memories into long term memories during sleep so if you have impaired sleep, you’re going to seriously hinder your body’s ability to retain long term information.

Generally speaking, the stronger the stimulus or the emotional impact of an event, the greater the memory.

That’s why we tend to remember happy occasions like birthdays, and traumatic events with greater clarity.

But that doesn’t mean you have to traumatise yourself to improve cognition.

Apart from sleep, we are now living in a frenetic world where information is quickly brought up and then just as quickly discarded.

As a result, our brains are struggling to keep up.  Take breaks from technology and re-focus on what is important.

Multiple studies have found that spending time in green spaces has multiple benefits for the mind including improving memory.

If you are an older person or someone worried about developing dementia, start re-living your youth.

Playing memory games and social interactions have also been shown to be highly beneficial for memory retention.