There are two types of diabetes.
Type 1 is an autoimmune condition whereby the pancreas is attacked by the immune system.
As a result, insulin is not produced and so must be supplemented by way of injections.
Type 1, is also called Juvenile Onset diabetes (as it often starts in childhood) and accounts for up to 10% of diabetes sufferers. Despite being a life-long condition (normally), sufferers are often able to maintain excellent life quality.
In contrast, type 2 diabetes is often called the Lifestyle Diabetes as it is usually brought on by an excess of weight and an over consumption of sugary, processed foods.
It used to be common in the ageing population, however, poor nutrition has seen it explode in younger generations.
The sufferer will initially experience insulin resistance – where the body fails to recognise insulin.
Luckily, strict dietary control and exercise have been shown to reverse this condition.